"I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help."  -   PSALMS 121

To fit the uniqueness of each of my clients, I incorporate the

following theoretical orientations:


Known as Individual Psychology developed by Alfred Adler.  Adlerian Theory holds that individuals are unique and creative, they strive towards belonging and connection with others, and individual goals influence their behaviors.  Social interest, an important concept of Adlerian theory, describes the importance of how one operates and participates in the world and with others.  Moving through life, the individual is confronted with alternatives.  The freedom to choose (McArthur, 1958) introduces the concept of value and meaning into psychology.  The Adlerian approach is a holistic stance. People, as choosers, can shape both their internal and external environments; they can always choose the posture they will adopt towards life’s stimuli.  Adlerians focus on personal growth. 

Cognitive Behavioral therapy (CBT)

CBT is a combination of cognitive and behavioral therapy.  The therapy relies on a number of goal-oriented procedures that take a systemic approach to fundamentally changing problematic behaviors or emotions.  The CBT approach allows you to deal with your present problems to make day-to-day life more manageable before you attempt to treat the much larger and more time consuming root cause.  You apply the lessons you learn in your sessions to your daily life.  The key is improving things that have a negative impact on your life.  Like any therapy, it is only as effective as the effort that you put into it.  Mental health conditions that are often improved with CBT include: depressive and anxiety disorders, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, sleep disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder.  CBT has been associated with improvements in the symptoms of ADHD. Patients who may have responded well to medications may have significant functional problems in their lives that require adjunctive psychosocial interventions to resolve.

Family Systems

This is often called Family Therapy.  Its focus is to work with families to nurture change and development.  In Family Therapy, the treatment is accomplished by direct participation of all members in the therapy sessions.  The family interactive patterns are the key to treatment.  Families seek counseling to improve relationship challenges, communication problems, parenting challenges, divorce and blended family issues.  Adults growing up in poorly functioning families as children may benefit from individual therapy that uses family therapy concepts, especially as they form their own nuclear families.

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)

IPT focuses on emotions and a person’s interpersonal relationships. It emphasizes a person’s current relationships.  IPT draws attention to your exploration and modification of maladaptive communication patterns that trigger and maintain your symptoms. Interpersonal therapy helps you identify when a behavior is causing problems, and guides you to change it.  The four interpersonal problem areas are: 1) Grief 2) Interpersonal disputes (overt and covert disagreements with family members, friends, coworkers, peers, etc.) 3) Role transitions (difficulty making transitions between stages in life and/or changes in life circumstances such as moving to a new home, divorce, promotion, birth of a child, illness in the family, transition to college, etc.) 4) Interpersonal deficits (social isolation or significant communication problems that lead to difficulty in starting or maintaining relationships).  IPT is also most commonly used on an individual basis to treat depression. –Verdeli & Weissman as cited in Current Psychotherapies by Corsini & Wedding (9th Edition). 

Mindfulness (MBCT)

Mindfulness is a state of active, open attention on the present. You are being highly conscious and present in the current moment.  When you're mindful, you observe your thoughts and feelings from a distance, without judging them good or bad. Instead of letting your life pass you by, mindfulness means living in the moment and awakening to experiences.  Research provides evidence that “mindfulness is associated with heightened self-knowledge, a key element of self regulation.” Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003).  Mindfullnes is an intervention often used for Trauma, ADHD, Depression, and Anxiety.

Motivational Interviewing (MI)

Motivational Interviewing is a clinical approach often used to help people address ambivalence to change.  It is a goal-directed, client-centered counseling style that works on facilitation and engaging intrinsic motivation within the person in order to change behavior. (e.g., make changes to their lives to make their lives as fulfilling as possible).  MI seeks to call forth the person’s own motivation and commitment.  It is designed to strengthen personal motivation for, and commitment to a specific goal by eliciting and exploring the person’s own reasons for change within an atmosphere of acceptance and compassion.

Play and Art Therapy

“Play is a child’s work” – Piaget.  Developmentally, children are unable to understand and express their feelings, concerns, and experiences in the same way as adults.  Play therapy has a rich history of research demonstrating its effectiveness for working with children who present a variety of concerns (Bratton, Ray, Rhine, & Jones, 2005).  Play and art therapy provides a modality for children to communicate feelings and experiences they are not able to articulate.  Children use toys and art materials to express themselves and to create images and metaphors in their play.  The physical act of creating a piece of art can have a calming, soothing effect on the body’s stress response. The therapist works collaboratively with children and creates a supportive and safe environment.  The children then feel freer to explore feelings, attitudes, and experiences that lead to personal understanding, change, and healing. “Play…critical element in the health and survival of young children” – Bolig, Fernie, Klein.

The Nurtured Heart Approach (NHA)

The Nurtured Heart Approach is a relationship-focused methodology, founded by Howard Glasser, for helping children and adults build inner wealth.  Parents of children with intense personalities and challenging behaviors often feel at a “loss.” The NHA was originally developed for working with the most difficult children including those who are challenged behaviorally, socially, and academically.  It has been shown to create transformation changes in children diagnosed with ADHD, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Reactive Attachment Disorder and other behavioral, emotional and anxiety related symptoms.  The NHA is awakening greatness in children. – Glasser & Easley, 2008.